Resurrection: The “New Birth” of Jesus Christ

This addendum to our FAQ about the birth of Jesus Christ will set forth the corollary truth about his second “birth,” something not as well known but, in reality, just as necessary as his first birth in accomplishing God’s plan for him as the Savior of mankind. Had Jesus not been born in Bethlehem, and then chosen to live a sinless life all the way to the Cross, he could not have been “born” a second time via God raising him from the dead.

We will see that, in Scripture, resurrection is figuratively called “birth.” At his first birth, God prepared Jesus for his earthly ministry as the Redeemer of man by giving him a body with sinless blood, untainted by the sin of Adam that beset all other men and women. At his “second birth” (his resurrection), God prepared Jesus for his heavenly ministry by giving him a body forever energized by His holy spirit, one in which Jesus as “Lord” now has the capacity to function as the Head of his Body, the Church, communicating with each member of that spiritual organism.

The book of Hebrews begins with God setting forth His Son as His most unique communication to mankind ever. Verse 3 calls him the “…radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being.” It then says that after Jesus had done his job on earth, he took up his position as Lord at God’s right hand. Verse 4 then begins a comparison between Jesus and angels that extends all the way through Chapter 2 (In our book, One God & One Lord, we cover this fabulous section of Scripture in detail.). Verse 4 represents Jesus as far superior to the angels because of the name (position) he has been given by God. Then verses 5 and 6 read:

Hebrews 1:5 and 6
(5) For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father”? Or again, “I will be his Father, and he will be my Son”?
(6) And again, when God brings his firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all God’s angels worship him.”

At first glance, the above verses seem to refer to the first birth of Jesus, and one might think of the words to the classic Christmas carol, “O Come All Ye Faithful,” where it says that Jesus was “born the king of angels.” As per Hebrews 1, those words are true, but not regarding his first birth. Yes, Jesus was born to one day be the king of the world, but it was his “birth” from the dead that guaranteed the future fulfillment of this reality. At Bethlehem, the great company of angels who announced the glad tidings to the shepherds did not worship Jesus, but God (Luke 2:13 and 14). And, speaking of his first birth, Hebrews 2:9, properly translated, says that Jesus “was made lower than the angels for a little while” (RSV, NRSV, NASB). So let us look more closely at Hebrews 1:5 and 6, and in so doing we will see some of the marvelous precision of God’s written Word.

According to the Greek text, the first part of verse 6 is better rendered, “When he again brings his firstborn into the world….” The word “again” indicates that this is referring to a second coming. Next, all commentators agree that Hebrews 1:5a is quoting Psalm 2:7, which comes after the first six verses that paint a prophetic portrait of the kings of the earth vainly opposing the Messiah’s return to rule the world from Jerusalem, a kingdom that will last 1000 years (Rev. 20:4). We will quote verse 7 along with the remaining five verses of the psalm:

Psalm 2:7-12
(7) I will proclaim the decree of the LORD: He said to me, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father.
(8) Ask of me, and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession.
(9) You will rule them with an iron scepter; you will dash them to pieces like pottery.”
(10) Therefore, you kings, be wise; be warned, you rulers of the earth.
(11) Serve the LORD with fear and rejoice with trembling.
(12) Kiss the Son, lest he be angry and you be destroyed in your way, for his wrath can flare up in a moment. Blessed are all who take refuge in him.

In his brief but brilliant discourse at the synagogue in Pisidian Antioch in Acts 13, the Apostle Paul summarizes the history of Israel, culminating with God sending them Jesus as the promised Messiah, whom they killed. His subsequent statement in verse 30 is pithy and powerful: “But God raised him from the dead.” Paul continued:

Acts 13:32 and 33
(32) “We tell you the good news: What God promised our fathers
(33) he has fulfilled for us, their children, by raising up Jesus. As it is written in the second Psalm: “‘You are my Son; today I have become your father.’

Paul specifically clarifies that Psalm 2:7 refers to the resurrection of Jesus, and that fits perfectly with the ensuing verses (8-12 above), which are as if God said to Jesus, “Well, now that you’re up from the dead, what would you like to do? How about ruling the world when the time comes?” And that is exactly what Jesus will do one day.

After Hebrews 1:5 and 6 speak of Jesus’ resurrection, verses 8 and 9 follow suit, as it were, with Psalm 2 and speak of his subsequent rule in the Millennial Kingdom and beyond:

Hebrews 1:8 and 9
(8) But about the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever, and righteousness will be the scepter of your kingdom.
(9) You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy.”

As we mentioned early on, resurrection is sometimes referred to as “birth” in Scripture, and Isaiah, speaking of the resurrection of Israelites who believed in the Messiah, gives us a classic example (cp. Ezek. 37:1-14):

Isaiah 26:19
But your dead will live; their bodies will rise. You who dwell in the dust, wake up and shout for joy. Your dew is like the dew of the morning; the earth will give birth to her dead.

In closing, let us look at the following verses:

Hebrews 10:5-7
(5) Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said: “Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for me;
(6) with burnt offerings and sin offerings you were not pleased.
(7) Then I said, ‘Here I am—it is written about me in the scroll—I have come to do your will, O God.’”

In context, these verses specifically refer to Jesus’ first birth in which his fleshly body was prepared for sacrifice. However, given that his first body was prerequisite to his second, and that the “scroll” prophesies of both his first and second comings, we believe it also subtly points toward his second birth and second body. The job set before the Redeemer of all mankind was so big that he needed two different bodies to do it. What a magnificent plan God had, and what a Savior Jesus is to have carried it out.

For the Church (we who are Christians as per Romans 10:9), Jesus is the Head of the Body, the Lord who has saved us and filled us with holy spirit to minister in his stead now, and he is the one whom we anticipate meeting in the air.

In regard to Israel, Jesus’ first birth brought him into his ministry as their promised Messiah. But at his first coming to Israel, they, as a nation, rejected and killed him. His second “birth” brought him into his ministry as the exalted Lord who will one day come again to Israel in fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy. But then he will not come as the Lamb of God to be the sacrifice for man’s sin; he will not come riding on a donkey. When he comes again to Israel, he will come as the Lion of Judah, riding on a majestic white horse, and then it will be he who destroys the enemies of God and raises from the dead all Jews who believed in him as the Messiah.

[END NOTE: Although it is beyond the scope of this brief article, a study of the word “firstborn” as it applies to Jesus (in particular Rom. 8:29; Col. 1:15,18; Rev. 1:5) will show that it refers to his post-resurrection ministry.]

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